*DECK RJ REAL FUNCTION RJ (X, Y, Z, P, IER) C***BEGIN PROLOGUE RJ C***PURPOSE Compute the incomplete or complete (X or Y or Z is zero) C elliptic integral of the 3rd kind. For X, Y, and Z non- C negative, at most one of them zero, and P positive, C RJ(X,Y,Z,P) = Integral from zero to infinity of C -1/2 -1/2 -1/2 -1 C (3/2)(t+X) (t+Y) (t+Z) (t+P) dt. C***LIBRARY SLATEC C***CATEGORY C14 C***TYPE SINGLE PRECISION (RJ-S, DRJ-D) C***KEYWORDS COMPLETE ELLIPTIC INTEGRAL, DUPLICATION THEOREM, C INCOMPLETE ELLIPTIC INTEGRAL, INTEGRAL OF THE THIRD KIND, C TAYLOR SERIES C***AUTHOR Carlson, B. C. C Ames Laboratory-DOE C Iowa State University C Ames, IA 50011 C Notis, E. M. C Ames Laboratory-DOE C Iowa State University C Ames, IA 50011 C Pexton, R. L. C Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory C Livermore, CA 94550 C***DESCRIPTION C C 1. RJ C Standard FORTRAN function routine C Single precision version C The routine calculates an approximation result to C RJ(X,Y,Z,P) = Integral from zero to infinity of C C -1/2 -1/2 -1/2 -1 C (3/2)(t+X) (t+Y) (t+Z) (t+P) dt, C C where X, Y, and Z are nonnegative, at most one of them is C zero, and P is positive. If X or Y or Z is zero, the C integral is COMPLETE. The duplication theorem is iterated C until the variables are nearly equal, and the function is C then expanded in Taylor series to fifth order. C C C 2. Calling Sequence C RJ( X, Y, Z, P, IER ) C C Parameters On Entry C Values assigned by the calling routine C C X - Single precision, nonnegative variable C C Y - Single precision, nonnegative variable C C Z - Single precision, nonnegative variable C C P - Single precision, positive variable C C C On Return (values assigned by the RJ routine) C C RJ - Single precision approximation to the integral C C IER - Integer C C IER = 0 Normal and reliable termination of the C routine. It is assumed that the requested C accuracy has been achieved. C C IER > 0 Abnormal termination of the routine C C C X, Y, Z, P are unaltered. C C C 3. Error Messages C C Value of IER assigned by the RJ routine C C Value Assigned Error Message Printed C IER = 1 MIN(X,Y,Z) .LT. 0.0E0 C = 2 MIN(X+Y,X+Z,Y+Z,P) .LT. LOLIM C = 3 MAX(X,Y,Z,P) .GT. UPLIM C C C C 4. Control Parameters C C Values of LOLIM, UPLIM, and ERRTOL are set by the C routine. C C C LOLIM and UPLIM determine the valid range of X Y, Z, and P C C LOLIM is not less than the cube root of the value C of LOLIM used in the routine for RC. C C UPLIM is not greater than 0.3 times the cube root of C the value of UPLIM used in the routine for RC. C C C Acceptable Values For: LOLIM UPLIM C IBM 360/370 SERIES : 2.0E-26 3.0E+24 C CDC 6000/7000 SERIES : 5.0E-98 3.0E+106 C UNIVAC 1100 SERIES : 5.0E-13 6.0E+11 C CRAY : 1.32E-822 1.4E+821 C VAX 11 SERIES : 2.5E-13 9.0E+11 C C C C ERRTOL determines the accuracy of the answer C C The value assigned by the routine will result C in solution precision within 1-2 decimals of C "machine precision". C C C C C Relative error due to truncation of the series for RJ C is less than 3 * ERRTOL ** 6 / (1 - ERRTOL) ** 3/2. C C C C The accuracy of the computed approximation to the inte- C gral can be controlled by choosing the value of ERRTOL. C Truncation of a Taylor series after terms of fifth order C Introduces an error less than the amount shown in the C second column of the following table for each value of C ERRTOL in the first column. In addition to the trunca- C tion error there will be round-off error, but in prac- C tice the total error from both sources is usually less C than the amount given in the table. C C C C Sample choices: ERRTOL Relative Truncation C error less than C 1.0E-3 4.0E-18 C 3.0E-3 3.0E-15 C 1.0E-2 4.0E-12 C 3.0E-2 3.0E-9 C 1.0E-1 4.0E-6 C C Decreasing ERRTOL by a factor of 10 yields six more C decimal digits of accuracy at the expense of one or C two more iterations of the duplication theorem. C C *Long Description: C C RJ Special Comments C C C Check by addition theorem: RJ(X,X+Z,X+W,X+P) C + RJ(Y,Y+Z,Y+W,Y+P) + (A-B) * RJ(A,B,B,A) + 3 / SQRT(A) C = RJ(0,Z,W,P), where X,Y,Z,W,P are positive and X * Y C = Z * W, A = P * P * (X+Y+Z+W), B = P * (P+X) * (P+Y), C and B - A = P * (P-Z) * (P-W). The sum of the third and C fourth terms on the left side is 3 * RC(A,B). C C C On Input: C C X, Y, Z, and P are the variables in the integral RJ(X,Y,Z,P). C C C On Output: C C C X, Y, Z, and P are unaltered. C C ******************************************************** C C Warning: Changes in the program may improve speed at the C expense of robustness. C C ------------------------------------------------------------ C C C Special Functions via RJ and RF C C C Legendre form of ELLIPTIC INTEGRAL of 3rd kind C ---------------------------------------------- C C C PHI 2 -1 C P(PHI,K,N) = INT (1+N SIN (THETA) ) * C 0 C C 2 2 -1/2 C *(1-K SIN (THETA) ) D THETA C C C 2 2 2 C = SIN (PHI) RF(COS (PHI), 1-K SIN (PHI),1) C C 3 2 2 2 C -(N/3) SIN (PHI) RJ(COS (PHI),1-K SIN (PHI), C C 2 C 1,1+N SIN (PHI)) C C C C Bulirsch form of ELLIPTIC INTEGRAL of 3rd kind C ---------------------------------------------- C C C 2 2 2 C EL3(X,KC,P) = X RF(1,1+KC X ,1+X ) + C C 3 2 2 2 2 C +(1/3)(1-P) X RJ(1,1+KC X ,1+X ,1+PX ) C C C 2 C CEL(KC,P,A,B) = A RF(0,KC ,1) + C C 2 C +(1/3)(B-PA) RJ(0,KC ,1,P) C C C C C Heuman's LAMBDA function C ------------------------ C C C 2 2 2 1/2 C L(A,B,P) = (COS(A)SIN(B)COS(B)/(1-COS (A)SIN (B)) ) C C 2 2 2 C *(SIN(P) RF(COS (P),1-SIN (A) SIN (P),1) C C 2 3 2 2 C +(SIN (A) SIN (P)/(3(1-COS (A) SIN (B)))) C C 2 2 2 C *RJ(COS (P),1-SIN (A) SIN (P),1,1- C C 2 2 2 2 C -SIN (A) SIN (P)/(1-COS (A) SIN (B)))) C C C C C (PI/2) LAMBDA0(A,B) =L(A,B,PI/2) = C C C 2 2 2 -1/2 C = COS (A) SIN(B) COS(B) (1-COS (A) SIN (B)) C C 2 2 2 C *RF(0,COS (A),1) + (1/3) SIN (A) COS (A) C C 2 2 -3/2 C *SIN(B) COS(B) (1-COS (A) SIN (B)) C C 2 2 2 2 2 C *RJ(0,COS (A),1,COS (A) COS (B)/(1-COS (A) SIN (B))) C C C C Jacobi ZETA function C -------------------- C C C 2 2 2 1/2 C Z(B,K) = (K/3) SIN(B) COS(B) (1-K SIN (B)) C C C 2 2 2 2 C *RJ(0,1-K ,1,1-K SIN (B)) / RF (0,1-K ,1) C C C ------------------------------------------------------------------- C C***REFERENCES B. C. Carlson and E. M. Notis, Algorithms for incomplete C elliptic integrals, ACM Transactions on Mathematical C Software 7, 3 (September 1981), pp. 398-403. C B. C. Carlson, Computing elliptic integrals by C duplication, Numerische Mathematik 33, (1979), C pp. 1-16. C B. C. Carlson, Elliptic integrals of the first kind, C SIAM Journal of Mathematical Analysis 8, (1977), C pp. 231-242. C***ROUTINES CALLED R1MACH, RC, XERMSG C***REVISION HISTORY (YYMMDD) C 790801 DATE WRITTEN C 890531 Changed all specific intrinsics to generic. (WRB) C 891009 Removed unreferenced statement labels. (WRB) C 891009 REVISION DATE from Version 3.2 C 891214 Prologue converted to Version 4.0 format. (BAB) C 900315 CALLs to XERROR changed to CALLs to XERMSG. (THJ) C 900326 Removed duplicate information from DESCRIPTION section. C (WRB) C 900510 Changed calls to XERMSG to standard form, and some C editorial changes. (RWC)). C 920501 Reformatted the REFERENCES section. (WRB) C***END PROLOGUE RJ CHARACTER*16 XERN3, XERN4, XERN5, XERN6, XERN7 INTEGER IER REAL ALFA, BETA, C1, C2, C3, C4, EA, EB, EC, E2, E3 REAL LOLIM, UPLIM, EPSLON, ERRTOL REAL LAMDA, MU, P, PN, PNDEV REAL POWER4, RC, SIGMA, S1, S2, S3, X, XN, XNDEV REAL XNROOT, Y, YN, YNDEV, YNROOT, Z, ZN, ZNDEV, * ZNROOT LOGICAL FIRST SAVE ERRTOL,LOLIM,UPLIM,C1,C2,C3,C4,FIRST DATA FIRST /.TRUE./ C C***FIRST EXECUTABLE STATEMENT RJ IF (FIRST) THEN ERRTOL = (R1MACH(3)/3.0E0)**(1.0E0/6.0E0) LOLIM = (5.0E0 * R1MACH(1))**(1.0E0/3.0E0) UPLIM = 0.30E0*( R1MACH(2) / 5.0E0)**(1.0E0/3.0E0) C C1 = 3.0E0/14.0E0 C2 = 1.0E0/3.0E0 C3 = 3.0E0/22.0E0 C4 = 3.0E0/26.0E0 ENDIF FIRST = .FALSE. C C CALL ERROR HANDLER IF NECESSARY. C RJ = 0.0E0 IF (MIN(X,Y,Z).LT.0.0E0) THEN IER = 1 WRITE (XERN3, '(1PE15.6)') X WRITE (XERN4, '(1PE15.6)') Y WRITE (XERN5, '(1PE15.6)') Z CALL XERMSG ('SLATEC', 'RJ', * 'MIN(X,Y,Z).LT.0 WHERE X = ' // XERN3 // ' Y = ' // XERN4 // * ' AND Z = ' // XERN5, 1, 1) RETURN ENDIF C IF (MAX(X,Y,Z,P).GT.UPLIM) THEN IER = 3 WRITE (XERN3, '(1PE15.6)') X WRITE (XERN4, '(1PE15.6)') Y WRITE (XERN5, '(1PE15.6)') Z WRITE (XERN6, '(1PE15.6)') P WRITE (XERN7, '(1PE15.6)') UPLIM CALL XERMSG ('SLATEC', 'RJ', * 'MAX(X,Y,Z,P).GT.UPLIM WHERE X = ' // XERN3 // ' Y = ' // * XERN4 // ' Z = ' // XERN5 // ' P = ' // XERN6 // * ' AND UPLIM = ' // XERN7, 3, 1) RETURN ENDIF C IF (MIN(X+Y,X+Z,Y+Z,P).LT.LOLIM) THEN IER = 2 WRITE (XERN3, '(1PE15.6)') X WRITE (XERN4, '(1PE15.6)') Y WRITE (XERN5, '(1PE15.6)') Z WRITE (XERN6, '(1PE15.6)') P WRITE (XERN7, '(1PE15.6)') LOLIM CALL XERMSG ('SLATEC', 'RJ', * 'MIN(X+Y,X+Z,Y+Z,P).LT.LOLIM WHERE X = ' // XERN3 // * ' Y = ' // XERN4 // ' Z = ' // XERN5 // ' P = ' // XERN6 // * ' AND LOLIM = ', 2, 1) RETURN ENDIF C IER = 0 XN = X YN = Y ZN = Z PN = P SIGMA = 0.0E0 POWER4 = 1.0E0 C 30 MU = (XN+YN+ZN+PN+PN)*0.20E0 XNDEV = (MU-XN)/MU YNDEV = (MU-YN)/MU ZNDEV = (MU-ZN)/MU PNDEV = (MU-PN)/MU EPSLON = MAX(ABS(XNDEV), ABS(YNDEV), ABS(ZNDEV), ABS(PNDEV)) IF (EPSLON.LT.ERRTOL) GO TO 40 XNROOT = SQRT(XN) YNROOT = SQRT(YN) ZNROOT = SQRT(ZN) LAMDA = XNROOT*(YNROOT+ZNROOT) + YNROOT*ZNROOT ALFA = PN*(XNROOT+YNROOT+ZNROOT) + XNROOT*YNROOT*ZNROOT ALFA = ALFA*ALFA BETA = PN*(PN+LAMDA)*(PN+LAMDA) SIGMA = SIGMA + POWER4*RC(ALFA,BETA,IER) POWER4 = POWER4*0.250E0 XN = (XN+LAMDA)*0.250E0 YN = (YN+LAMDA)*0.250E0 ZN = (ZN+LAMDA)*0.250E0 PN = (PN+LAMDA)*0.250E0 GO TO 30 C 40 EA = XNDEV*(YNDEV+ZNDEV) + YNDEV*ZNDEV EB = XNDEV*YNDEV*ZNDEV EC = PNDEV*PNDEV E2 = EA - 3.0E0*EC E3 = EB + 2.0E0*PNDEV*(EA-EC) S1 = 1.0E0 + E2*(-C1+0.750E0*C3*E2-1.50E0*C4*E3) S2 = EB*(0.50E0*C2+PNDEV*(-C3-C3+PNDEV*C4)) S3 = PNDEV*EA*(C2-PNDEV*C3) - C2*PNDEV*EC RJ = 3.0E0*SIGMA + POWER4*(S1+S2+S3)/(MU* SQRT(MU)) RETURN END